The intensive production of vegetables in Israel has become extremely successful due to advanced methods of technology. By the beginning of this century vegetable growing had reached approximately 21% of the total agricultural production. This has been achieved by selecting the correct fertilizers, irrigation methods and the choice of the right varieties.
Israeli vegetable production use advanced technological methods include soil-less greenhouses fitted with climate control systems which enable the growth of large quantities of vegetables to be grown in desert areas.
A perfect example of this is that tomatoes grown in these greenhouses yield an average of 300-300 tons per hectare in comparison to 80 tons per hectare in open fields.
Many vegetables that have been modified for the particular climatic conditions of desert areas are grown in open fields such as potatoes, carrots, onions, sweet potatoes and many others including melons and watermelons and a number of others designed for processing industrially. Large quantities of vegetables grown in Israel under various climatic conditions are exported annually.